"And so to completely analyze what we do when we read would almost be the acme of a psychologist's achievements, for it would be to describe very many of the most intricate workings of the human mind, as well as to unravel the tangled story of the most remarkable specific performance that civilization has learned in all its history. "  
                   --- E. Huey, 1908
​Publications

2022

  • Milledge, S., Zang, C., Liversedge, S.P., & Blythe, H.I. (2022). Phonological parafoveal pre-processing in children reading English sentences. Cognition, in press. 

  • Cui, L., Zang, C., Xu, X., Zhao, H., Su, Y., & Liversedge, S.P. (2022). Predictability effects and parafoveal processing of compound words in natural Chinese reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 75(1), 18-29.

2021

  • Liversedge, S.P., Zang, C., & Liang, F. (2021). Reading comprehension: Sentence processing. In Snowling, M., Hulme, C., & Nation, K. (Eds). The Science of Reading: A Handbook. Second Edition, Wiley.

  • Zang, C., Fu, Y., Bai, X., Yan, G.,  & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Foveal and Parafoveal Processing of Chinese Three-character Idioms in Reading. Journal of Memory and Language, in press.

  • Zang, C., Du, H., Bai, X., Yan, G.,  & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Processing Multi-Constituent Units: Preview Effects During Reading of Chinese Two-constituent Words and Phrases, in revision.

  • Liang, F, Gao, Q, Wang, Y., Bai, X., & Liversedge, S.P.  (2021). The importance of the positional probability of word final (but not word initial) characters for word segmentation and identification in children and adults' natural Chinese reading. Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition. In press.

  • He, L., Ma, W., Shen, F., Wang, Y., Wu, J., Warrington, K. L, Liversedge, S.P., & Paterson, K.B. (2021). Adult Age Differences in Parafoveal Preview Effects during Reading: Evidence from Chinese. Psychology and Aging. In press.

  • Trawinski, T., Zang, C., Liversedge, S.P., Ge, Y, Fu, Y., & Donnelly, N. (2021). The Influence of Culture on the Viewing of Western and East Asian Paintings. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, in press.

  • Wang, M., Blythe, H.I., & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Eye-movement control during learning and scanning of Landolt-C stimuli: Exposure frequency effects and spacing effects in a visual search task. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, in press.

  • Wang, M., Blythe, H.I., & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Eye-movement control during learning and scanning of English pseudoword stimuli: Exposure frequency effects and spacing effects in a visual search task. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, in press

  • Liang, F., Ma, J., Bai, X. & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Initial landing position effects on Chinese word learning in children and adults. Journal of Memory and Language, 116 (104183). ISSN 0749-596X.

  • He, L., Song, Z., Chang, M., Zang, C., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S.P. (2021). Contrasting off-line segmentation decisions with on-line word segmentation during reading. British Journal of Psychology. ISSN 0007-1269.

2020

  • Meng, Z., Lan, Z., Yan, G., Marsh, J. E., & Liversedge, S. P. (2020) Task Demands Modulate the Effects of Speech on Text Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition . ISSN 0278-7393

  • Su, J., Yin, G., Bai, X., Yan, G., Kurtev, S., Warrington, K.L., McGowan, V.A., Liversedge, S.P., & Paterson, K.B. (2020). Flexibility in the Perceptual Span during Reading: Evidence from Mongolian. Attention Perception and Psychophysics, 82 . pp. 1566-1572. ISSN 1943-3921

  • Zang, C., Du, H., Bai, X., Yan, G.,  & Liversedge, S.P. (2020). Wordskipping in Chinese reading: The role of high-frequency preview and syntactic felicity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 46(4), 603-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000738. 

2019

  • Zang, C. (2019). New perspectives on serialism and parallelism in oculomotor control during reading: The Multi-Constituent Unit Hypothesis. Vision, 3, 50, 1-13.  

  • Zhang, M., Liversedge, S.P., Bai, X., Yan, G., & Zang, C. (2019). The influence of foveal lexical processing load on parafoveal preview and saccadic targeting during Chinese reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,45 (6),812-825. 

  • Zang, C., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Bai, X., Yan, G., Jiang, X., He, Z., & Zhou, X. (2019). Eye movements reveal delayed use of construction-based pragmatic information during online sentence reading: A case of Chinese Lian…dou Construction. Frontiers in Psychology, in press.  

  • Degno, F., Loberg, O., Zang, C., Zhang, M., Donnelly, N., & Liversedge, S.P. (2019). Parafoveal previews and lexical frequency in natural reading: Evidence from eye movements and fixation-related potentials. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148(3), 453-474.  

  • Degno, F., Loberg, O., Zang, C., Zhang, M., Donnelly, N., & Liversedge, S.P. (2019). A Co-Registration Investigation of Inter-Word Spacing and Parafoveal Preview: Eye Movements and Fixation-Related Potentials. PLoS ONE, in press.

2018

  • Zang, C., Fu, Y., Bai, X., Yan, G.,  & Liversedge, S.P. (2018). Investigating word length effects in Chinese reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(12), 1831-1841.

  • Zang, C., Zhang, M., Bai, X., Yan, G., Angele, B., & Liversedge, S.P. (2018). Skipping of the very high frequency structural particle de in Chinese reading, The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(1),152-160.

  • Drieghe, D., Cui, L., Yan, G., Bai, X., Chi, H., & Liversedge, S. (2018). The morphosyntactic structure of compound words influences parafoveal processing in Chinese reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(1), 190-197.

  • Wang, J., Li, L., Li, S., Xie, F., Liversedge, S.P., & Paterson, K.B. (2018). Effects of aging and text-stimulus quality on the word-frequency effect during Chinese reading. Psychology and Aging, 33(4), 693-712.

2017

  • Liang, F., Blythe, H.I., Bai, X., Yan, G., Li, X., Zang, C., & Liversedge, S.P. (2017). The role of character positional frequency on Chinese word learning during natural reading. PLoS ONE, 12(11),e0187656.

2016

  • Zang, C., Wang, Y., Bai, X., Yan, G., Drieghe, D., & Liversedge, S.P. (2016). The use of probabilistic lexicality cues for word segmentation in Chinese reading, The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(3), 548-560.

  • Zang, C., Zhang, M., Bai, X., Yan, G., Paterson, K.B., & Liversedge, S.P. (2016). Effects of word frequency and visual complexity on eye movements of young and older Chinese readers, The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(7),1409-1425. 

  • Liversedge, S.P., Drieghe, D., Li, X., Yan, G., Bai, X., & Hyönä, J. (2016). Universality in Eye Movements and Reading: a Trilingual Investigation. Cognition, 147, 1 - 20.

  • Yu, L., Cutter, M., Yan, G., Bai, X., Fu, Y., Drieghe, D. & Liversedge, S.P. (2016). Word n+2 preview effects in three-character chinese idioms and phrases.  Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31, 1130-1149.

2015

  • Li, X., Zang, C., Liversedge, S.P., & Pollatsek, A. (2015). The role of words in Chinese reading. In Pollatsek, A., & Treiman, R. (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of Reading(pp. 232-244). Oxford University Press.

  • Liang, F., Blythe, H.I., Zang, C., Bai, X., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S.P. (2015). Positional character frequency and word spacing facilitate the acquisition of novel words during Chinese children's reading, Journal of Cognitive Psychology,27(5),594-608.

  • Gu, J. Li, X. & Liversedge, S.P. (2015). Character order processing in Chinese reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41(1), 127-137.

  • Yu, L., Reichle, Erik D., Jones, M. O., & Liversedge, S. P. (2015). RadicalLocator: A software tool for identifying the radicals in Chinese characters. Behavior Research Methods, 47, 826-836.

2014

  • Liversedge, S.P., Zang, C., Zhang, M., Bai, X., Yan, G., & Drieghe, D. (2014). The effect of visual complexity and word frequency on eye movements during Chinese reading. Visual Cognition, 22, 441-457.

  • Cui, L., Drieghe, D., Bai, X., Yan, G. & Liversedge, S.P. (2014). Parafoveal preview benefit in unspaced and spaced Chinese reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(11), 2172-2188.

  • Wang, J., Tian, J., Han, W., Liversedge, S. P., & Paterson, K. B. (2014). Inhibitory stroke neighbour priming in character recognition and reading in Chinese. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(11), 2149–2171.

2013

  • Bai, X., Liang, F., Blythe, H.I., Zang, C., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S.P. (2013). Interword spacing effects on the acquisition of new vocabulary for readers of Chinese as a second language, Journal of Research in Reading, 36(S1), S4-17.

  • Zang, C., Liang, F., Bai, X., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S.P. (2013). Interword spacing and landing position effects during Chinese reading in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39, 720-734.

  • Zang, C., Meng, H., Liang, F., Bai, X., & Yan, G. (2013). Is there a vertical component to saccade targeting in Chinese reading? Journal of Research in Reading, 36(S1), S78-93.

  • Cui, L., Bai, X., Yan, G., Hyönä, J., Wang, S., & Liversedge, S.P., (2013). Processing of Compound Word Characters in Reading Chinese: An Eye Movement Contingent Display Change Study. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 527-547.

  • Cui, L., Drieghe, D., Yan, G., Bai, X., Chi, H., & Liversedge, S.P. (2013). Parafoveal processing across different lexical constituents in Chinese reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 403-416.

2012

  • Blythe, H. I., Liang, F., Zang, C., Wang, J., Yan, G., Bai, X., & Liversedge, S.P. (2012). Inserting spaces into Chinese text helps readers to learn new words: An eye movement study. Journal of Memory and Language, 67,241-254.

  • Shen, D., Liversedge, S.P., Tian, J., Zang, C., Cui, L., Bai, X., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S.P. (2012). Eye movements of second language learners when reading spaced and unspaced Chinese text. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18, 192-202.

  • Yan, G., Bai, X., Zang, C., Bian, Q., Cui, L., Qi, W., Rayner, K., & Liversedge, S.P. (2012). Using stroke removal to investigate Chinese character identification during reading: Evidence from eye movements. Reading and Writing, 25, 951-979.

2011

  • Zang, C., Liversedge, S.P., Bai, X., & Yan, G. (2011). Eye movements during Chinese reading. In S. P. Liversedge, I. D. Gilchrist, & S. Everling. (Eds). The Oxford Handbook on Eye Movements (pp. 961–978). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

2008

  • Bai, X., Yan, G., Liversedge, S.P., Zang, C., & Rayner, K. (2008). Reading spaced and unspaced Chinese text: Evidence from eye movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,34,1277-1287.

  • Shen, D., Bai, X., Yan, G. & Liversedge, S.P. (2008). The perceptual span in Chinese reading. In K. Rayner, D. Shen, X. Bai, & G. Yan (Eds.), Cognitive and Cultural Influences on Eye Movements (pp. 255–276). Tianjin, China: Tianjin People’s Publishing House.